France supports end to economic sanctions in Iraq
UNITED NATIONS — After staunchly opposing the U.S.-led war against Saddam Hussein, France made a surprise proposal Tuesday to meet the United States halfway by calling for the immediate suspension of crippling economic sanctions on Iraq.
U.S. Ambassador John Negroponte stuck by President Bush’s demand that because of “the dramatically changed circumstances within Iraq,” sanctions should be lifted entirely — not just suspended.
“We now need to work with France and other countries to see how best that can be achieved and how quickly.”
Still, the first Security Council meeting on the future of post-Saddam Iraq indicated that deep divisions remain over who should disarm the country and how sanctions should be lifted.
The French proposal appeared to take the Russians and Germans, their closest allies in opposing the war, off guard. Neither embraced it, and both strongly supported the return of U.N. weapons inspectors to verify Iraq’s disarmament before sanctions are lifted — which the United States opposes.
“We should really deal with the situation in Iraq thinking always about the situation of Iraqi people,” French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin said Tuesday in the Turkish capital Ankara.
France’s U.N. ambassador, Jean-Marc de La Sabliere, also said it was time for the Security Council “to take into account the new realities on the ground” and adopt “a very pragmatic approach” to dealing with Iraq.
“I have proposed that the decision should be taken to immediately suspend the civilian sanctions,” he told reporters.
The proposal would suspend the U.N. ban on trade and investment in Iraq while leaving a 12-year-old arms embargo in place. But it wasn’t clear what impact a suspension would have without an Iraqi government in place.
The Security Council imposed sanctions after Iraq’s 1990 invasion of Kuwait, and modified them in 1996 with an oil-for-food program that allowed Iraq to sell unlimited quantities of oil to pay for humanitarian goods and reparations for the first Gulf War.
The program had been feeding 60 percent of Iraq’s 24 million people.
Under council resolutions, sanctions cannot be lifted until U.N. inspectors certify that Iraq’s nuclear, chemical and biological weapons have been destroyed along with the long-range missiles to deliver them.
But the United States has deployed its own inspection teams to search for weapons of mass destruction — and Negroponte made clear Tuesday that the Bush administration doesn’t want U.N. inspectors to return any time soon.
Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix said he didn’t see “any adversarial arrangement” between his inspectors and the U.S.-led coalition’s teams. “We’re all interested in finding the truth about the situation, whatever it is,” he said.
“But at the same time I am also convinced that the world and the Security Council … would like to have inspection and verification which bear the imprint of an independent institution.”
Russian Ambassador Sergey Lavrov said his country supported lifting sanctions. But he said Russia wants U.N. inspectors — the only ones in the world with “expertise” on nuclear, biological, chemical and missile issues — to certify that Iraq has been disarmed, as required under U.N. resolutions.
Asked about the French proposal, he said: “We are ready to discuss it.”
Germany’s U.N. Ambassador Gunter Pleuger agreed, saying there should be coordination between the work of U.N. inspectors and U.S. teamsDe La Sabliere told The Associated Press he envisioned sanctions being suspended “for a couple of months,” and possibly renewed. He also envisions U.S. and U.N. inspectors working together. “And then sanctions could be lifted when a legitimate Iraqi government is in place,” he said.
At another closed-door council meeting Tuesday, the council heard from Benon Sevan, head of the oil-for-food program. De La Sabliere also proposed the council phase out the program, but ensure that the humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people are met.
Sevan urged council members to address the status of contracts worth hundreds of millions of dollars for badly needed humanitarian supplies. His office announced earlier Tuesday that U.N. agencies have identified over $450 million in priority humanitarian contracts that can be transported to Iraq before a May 12 deadline.
U.N. inspectors, who went back to Iraq in November for the first time in four years, discovered no weapons of mass destruction during 3 1/2 months of searching. Secretary-General Kofi Annan ordered all U.N. international staff, including the inspectors, to leave Iraq just before the war began. He has said he expects them to return.