PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — The sudden, powerful storm that ripped through Haiti’s battered capital destroyed thousands of tents in the homeless camps where more than 1.3 million people live eight months after the earthquake destroyed their homes, shelter officials said Saturday.
The death toll from Friday afternoon’s storm stood at six people, with nearly 8,000 tents damaged or destroyed, according to a statement from the United Nation’s International Organization for Migration. The organization said it had distributed 5,000 tarps.
Earlier, Civil Protection chief Marie Alta Jean-Baptiste told The Associated Press that the dead included two children and hundreds of people were reported with varying degrees of injury.
The storm’s effect was exacerbated by the flimsiness of tarps and tents that have been baking, soaking and flapping in the Caribbean elements since the Jan. 12 earthquake killed at least 230,000 people and left millions homeless. Hundreds of thousands of families continue living on the streets of the capital waiting for temporary housing or money to find new apartments.
“Many of the tents that were destroyed had reached their end of lifespan,” said Gerhard Tauscher, shelter cluster coordinator for the International Federation of the Red Cross.
Reconstruction has barely begun despite billions of dollars pledged for Haiti in the wake of the disaster. Less than 15 percent of money promised at the U.N. donor’s conference in March 2 has been delivered. The U.S., which spent more than $1.1 billion in humanitarian aid after the quake, has not delivered any of its promised long-term funds.
Wood and metal temporary shelters fared much better in the storm, suffering minimal damage. But few of the earthquake homeless have those.
Instead, they continue living in tarps and tents, sometimes reinforced with metal or wood. As many as 10 percent of such shelters were destroyed in some areas of the capital by the sudden squall, with damage concentrated in central urban areas, Tauscher said.
Camp-management facilities including office tents, clinics and childcare spaces were shredded, especially in camps perched on the steep hillsides between downtown Port-au-Prince and the suburb of Petionville.
“(Our) infrastructure has been ripped up: the house, the office, child-friendly spaces. The clinic held up pretty well, and there wasn’t any one person hurt. But trees fell and the place looks an absolute mess,” said Emmett Fitzgerald of the American Refugee Council, who manages the 26,000-person camp at Terrain Acra.